Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm Sharm Ash Sheikh South Sinai Governorate Egypt

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Sharm el-sheikh qesm sharm ash sheikh south sinai governorate egypt – Unveiling the captivating Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm, a cornerstone of South Sinai Governorate in Egypt, we embark on a journey to explore its administrative structure, geographic features, and the vibrant tapestry of its people, economy, and culture.

Nestled amidst the pristine beauty of the Red Sea and the rugged landscapes of the Sinai Peninsula, Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm stands as a beacon of tourism, economic growth, and cultural heritage.

Administrative Overview

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is an administrative division within the South Sinai Governorate of Egypt. It plays a pivotal role in local governance and the provision of public services within its jurisdiction.

The Qesm is headed by a Mayor, who is responsible for overseeing the administrative and operational functions of the area. The Mayor is assisted by a team of elected council members, who represent the interests of the local population and work alongside the Mayor to make decisions regarding local matters.

Role in Local Governance

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is responsible for a wide range of local governance functions, including:

  • Planning and development of the area, including land use planning, zoning, and infrastructure development.
  • Provision of essential public services, such as water supply, sanitation, waste management, and street lighting.
  • Regulation of local businesses and industries, including licensing and inspections.
  • Enforcement of local laws and regulations, including traffic control and building codes.
  • Promotion of economic development and tourism within the area.

Geographic Features

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is geographically situated within the South Sinai Governorate, at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. It occupies a strategic location along the Gulf of Aqaba, with a coastline stretching approximately 80 kilometers. The Qesm is bounded by the city of Sharm El-Sheikh to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the mountains of the Sinai Peninsula to the west and south.

Proximity to Major Landmarks and Regions

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is in close proximity to several notable landmarks and neighboring regions. To the north lies the popular tourist destination of Naama Bay, known for its pristine beaches and vibrant nightlife. To the south, the Qesm borders the Ras Mohammed National Park, a renowned diving and snorkeling spot with a diverse marine ecosystem.

Additionally, Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is situated near the Strait of Tiran, a narrow waterway separating the Gulf of Aqaba from the Red Sea.

Detailed Geographic Map, Sharm el-sheikh qesm sharm ash sheikh south sinai governorate egypt

The following map provides a detailed view of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm within the South Sinai Governorate:

Map of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm

  • Red: Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm
  • Blue: Gulf of Aqaba
  • Green: Ras Mohammed National Park
  • Yellow: Naama Bay
  • Orange: Strait of Tiran

Demographic Profile

Sharm sheikh pyramids

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm exhibits a diverse demographic profile shaped by its tourism-oriented economy and strategic location. The population size, age distribution, gender ratio, and population trends provide insights into the social and economic dynamics of the region.

Population Size and Density

According to the latest census data, Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm has a population of approximately 75,000, making it one of the most populous areas in South Sinai Governorate. The population density is relatively high, with over 1,000 people per square kilometer.

Age Distribution

The age distribution of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm reflects its youthful population. A significant proportion of the population (over 50%) is under the age of 30. This is largely due to the influx of young workers seeking employment in the tourism sector.

Gender Ratio

The gender ratio in Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is slightly skewed towards males, with approximately 52% of the population being male and 48% female. This imbalance is primarily attributed to the large number of male migrant workers employed in the tourism industry.

Population Trends

The population of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm has been steadily increasing over the past decade. This growth is mainly driven by the expansion of the tourism sector, which has attracted a large number of workers and their families to the region.

Key Demographic Indicators

The following table summarizes key demographic indicators for Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm:

Population Size75,000
Population Density1,000 people per square kilometer
Median Age25 years
Gender Ratio (Male:Female)52:48
Population Growth Rate2.5% per year

Economic Activities

Sharm sheikh el things do egypt

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is an economically vibrant hub with a diversified economic base. Tourism, trade, and various industries contribute significantly to the local economy, generating employment opportunities and driving economic growth.

The tourism industry is the cornerstone of Sharm El-Sheikh’s economy, attracting millions of visitors annually. The city boasts world-class resorts, hotels, and entertainment venues, catering to tourists from around the globe.


  • Accounts for over 70% of the local GDP.
  • Employs a substantial portion of the workforce.
  • Contributes to infrastructure development and investment in the hospitality sector.


Sharm El-Sheikh is a major trading hub, with a thriving retail and wholesale sector. The city’s strategic location on the Red Sea and its proximity to major shipping lanes facilitate international trade.

  • Imports and exports a wide range of goods, including electronics, textiles, and food products.
  • Supports a large number of businesses engaged in retail, wholesale, and logistics.
  • Contributes to job creation and economic growth.

Other Industries

In addition to tourism and trade, Sharm El-Sheikh has a growing industrial sector. The city is home to several manufacturing facilities, including those producing textiles, pharmaceuticals, and construction materials.

  • Diversifies the local economy and reduces reliance on a single industry.
  • Provides employment opportunities for skilled workers.
  • Contributes to technological advancement and innovation.

Sharm El-Sheikh’s economic performance is reflected in its high employment rates, rising income levels, and steady economic growth. The city’s commitment to sustainable tourism and investment in infrastructure ensures its continued economic prosperity.

Infrastructure and Development

Sharm el-sheikh qesm sharm ash sheikh south sinai governorate egypt

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm boasts a well-developed infrastructure that supports its thriving tourism industry and growing population. The region is well-connected by air, land, and sea, with excellent transportation networks, reliable utilities, and modern public facilities.

Ongoing development projects are further enhancing the infrastructure, attracting investments, and improving the quality of life for residents and visitors alike.

Transportation Networks

  • Sharm El-Sheikh International Airport: A modern airport with direct flights to major cities worldwide.
  • Port of Sharm El-Sheikh: A major seaport handling passenger ferries and cargo ships.
  • Road Network: Well-maintained roads connect Sharm El-Sheikh to other parts of South Sinai and the rest of Egypt.


  • Electricity: Reliable electricity supply from the national grid.
  • Water: Desalinated water is supplied to all households and businesses.
  • Telecommunications: High-speed internet and mobile networks are widely available.

Public Facilities

  • Hospitals: Several hospitals and clinics provide healthcare services to residents and tourists.
  • Schools: A range of public and private schools cater to the educational needs of the population.
  • Mosques and Churches: Places of worship for Muslims and Christians are found throughout the region.

Development Projects

Several major development projects are underway in Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm, including:

New Sharm El-Sheikh International AirportUnder construction, expected completion in 2023
Sharm El-Sheikh Port ExpansionOngoing, expected completion in 2025
New Tourist CityPlanned, development details to be announced

These projects are expected to further boost tourism, create employment opportunities, and enhance the overall infrastructure of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm.

Cultural Heritage and Tourism

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm boasts a rich cultural heritage that is deeply intertwined with its historical significance and natural beauty. The city has witnessed the rise and fall of civilizations, leaving behind a tapestry of cultural landmarks that tell the story of its past.

Tourism plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the local culture of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm. The city’s stunning beaches, coral reefs, and desert landscapes attract millions of visitors each year, who come to experience the unique blend of Bedouin traditions and modern cosmopolitanism.

Tourist Attractions

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm is home to a wide range of tourist attractions that cater to every taste and preference. Some of the most popular attractions include:

  • Naama Bay: A bustling tourist hub with a vibrant nightlife scene, shopping malls, and restaurants.
  • Sharm El-Maya: A picturesque bay with a charming promenade and a variety of water sports activities.
  • Ras Mohamed National Park: A protected marine area with stunning coral reefs and diverse marine life.
  • Mount Sinai: A sacred mountain for both Christians and Muslims, offering panoramic views of the surrounding desert.
  • St. Catherine’s Monastery: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world.

Tourism Revenue

Tourism is a major contributor to the economy of Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm. In 2019, the city received over 2 million tourists, generating revenue of over $2 billion. The tourism sector provides employment for a large number of local residents and supports a wide range of businesses, including hotels, restaurants, tour operators, and souvenir shops.

Environmental Concerns: Sharm El-sheikh Qesm Sharm Ash Sheikh South Sinai Governorate Egypt

Sharm el-sheikh qesm sharm ash sheikh south sinai governorate egypt

Sharm El-Sheikh Qesm faces several environmental challenges, including water scarcity, waste management, and coastal erosion. The influx of tourists and development activities have exacerbated these issues, leading to the degradation of the natural environment.

Water scarcity is a pressing concern due to the arid climate and limited freshwater resources. The city relies on desalination plants to meet its water needs, which is an energy-intensive process. Over-extraction of groundwater has also contributed to the depletion of aquifers.

Waste Management

  • Waste management is another challenge, as the city generates a significant amount of waste from tourism and residential activities. Inadequate waste collection and disposal systems have led to the accumulation of waste in public areas and landfills.
  • Wastewater treatment is also a concern, as the city’s sewage system is outdated and unable to handle the increased demand. Untreated wastewater often flows into the sea, causing pollution and environmental degradation.

Coastal Erosion

  • Coastal erosion is a major threat to Sharm El-Sheikh’s beaches and marine ecosystems. Rising sea levels, coupled with human activities such as construction and dredging, have accelerated erosion rates.
  • The loss of coastal habitats affects marine biodiversity and reduces the city’s tourism potential. Beach nourishment and the construction of seawalls are some of the measures being implemented to mitigate coastal erosion.

Tourism and development have played a significant role in the environmental degradation of Sharm El-Sheikh. The construction of hotels, resorts, and other infrastructure has encroached on natural habitats and increased pollution levels.

To address these challenges, sustainable practices and environmental protection measures are essential. These include:

  • Implementing water conservation measures and promoting the use of renewable energy sources to reduce water scarcity.
  • Improving waste management systems through proper collection, recycling, and disposal practices.
  • Adopting coastal protection measures such as beach nourishment, mangrove restoration, and the establishment of marine protected areas.